"If we do not take into consideration multidisciplinary, we will actually fail to fulfill our objective".

Cultural heritage does not affirm its value and fundamental role as a factor of social cohesion and driving force for the country's economic development.

In our previous interview with Fergus Maclaren, we discussed the three action groups included in the European Commission's EU Framework for Action on Cultural Heritage, where sustainability is one of the five pillars.

- Regenerating cities and regions through cultural heritage.

- Promote the adaptive reuse of historic buildings.

- Balance access to cultural heritage with sustainable cultural tourism and natural heritage.

During this talk, we would like to discuss in more detail the importance of increasing the resilience of communities and cultural heritage through capacity building, risk assessment, strategic planning and adaptive management.

We also refer to principle 6 of the ICOMOS International Charter for Cultural Heritage Tourism.

Principio 6: Increase the resilience of communities and cultural heritage through capacity building, risk assessment, strategic planning and adaptive management.

The three questions addressed:

- What is meant by "Heritage Community" and why it is so important.

- Why cultural heritage plays such an important role in mitigating global risks.

- How to combine the different social sciences in the administrative mechanism of cultural heritage management.

The Heritage Community

The Framework Convention of the Council of Europe on the value of cultural heritage for society (Council of Europe 2005, art. 2b) defines the "heritage community" as a community that "values ​​the specific aspects of cultural heritage that it wishes, in the framework of public action, to sustain and pass on to future generations”. A Heritage Community is characterized by awareness of the value of its cultural heritage, a sense of belonging, inclusiveness, collaboration at all levels. Culture and cultural heritage can be the key to citizens' engagement (idea of ​​the common good), as well as to social, environmental, economic and governance innovation.

The relationship between Cultural Heritage e Heritage Community

Culture and cultural heritage can be the key to citizen engagement, as well as social, environmental, economic and governance innovation. For the first time in 2013, cultural heritage was recognized by UNESCO as an important "actor" in tackling global risks, especially for its role in strengthening the resilience of the community. Cities today find themselves facing risks of various kinds, including frequent or infrequent events, which can occur both globally (climate crisis, scarcity of resources, migration, etc.) and locally (earthquakes, depopulation, capital erosion cultural, etc.).

A multidisciplinary approach is necessary

The fragility and conservation needs of cultural heritage as a significant resource for sustainable economic development are not sufficiently recognized. All of this requires forward-looking scenarios, contingency planning, and mitigation and reduction measures that consider and involve all stakeholders. Awareness and understanding of the needs for long-term protection and conservation of heritage places are needed in mobility, architecture and urban design, tourism planning and management. This requires the involvement of different stakeholders and the development of interdisciplinary capacities at the local level. Political science, law, sociology, psychology, business, economics, and so on are all interconnected disciplines of the public administration knowledge cluster.


Runa Saleh, Andrea Monaco

– arti-talk #3

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